A Belgian oak longcase clock with automation, 18th century signedJoseph Hendrickx a Malines. The dial has a figure of Father Time in the arch that rocks with the pendulum. It also has an alarm, date aperture, and seconds bit. Fine eight-day movement striking the hours on a large bell and the half hours on a small bell.
Note on Belgian clocks: Before 1830, the country now known as Belgium was made up of Flanders and the edges of surrounding countries that fought over the territory for centuries. The wood carvers of this area are well known for their quality work, and much of Europe's finest oak furniture and clocks were produced here. In the 18th century, the major clockmaking cities were Antwerp, Brussels, Mechelen (Malines in French), Liege, and Namur, and each developed their own unique style in form. A majority of the clock cases were installed with 30-hour movements, even those housed in the finest cases, but many high quality eight day movements were also produced. For a brief history of Belgian clocks as well as a helpful pictoral guide, see "French Clocks the World Over", by Tardy, Part Three, chapter XXI, "Belgium", where over 60 Belgian longcase clocks are pictured.
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